"The decrepit nobility" and "community": the burgundian lands in the face of French aggression in 1477
by Chrisopher S. Pelling
University of Illinois, USA
Description military conflicts took most of the Medieval-postglacial chronicles. Burgundy historians pursued the purpose of glorifying the exploits of the Knights. However, the events that followed the death of Charles the Bold at Nancy in 1477, showed that many members of the second class devoted to the interests of Burgundy home or advocated idiomatic with the king, while the citizens are actively defended Mary of Burgundy. Zhan Moline, who described the events of that period, "chromo key" and prosimetrum "Shipwreck of the Virgin", clearly demonstrated the inability of "decrepit nobility" to perform its functions and the pursuit of "Community" to defend the rights of the Duchess.
Keywords: The nobility, townspeople, Zhan Moline, betrayal, the French invasion.
"That the great deeds committed during the wars between France and England, were marked in a dignified manner recorded in the eternal memory of the tablets, where the noble people could draw examples, I wish to take up their description in the pro-se "1- so begins the chronicle of Zhan Froissart. Chroniclers, TVO-RIVSH at the court of the Dukes of Burgundy, Philip the Good, and Karla Bold2, Continued the tradition of his predecessor. Their historical writings reveal eulogies that class, whose mission, according to the first official historian Bur gun home Georges shuttle surpasses all other goals social groups, as it is to provide a minute of order, protection of the church and the Christian religion3. The second official historian Zhan Moline Burgundy house sees the appointment of his work is to write the names of the knights in the "martyrdom of honor, that they were able to live after death"4. Claiming that the first sub-Whig knight occurred in heaven, when the archangel Michael cast Lucifer Moline describes the daily exploits of the earth ruts Rey, seeking to protect the common good and not regretting for that of their lives. That's what feats he intends to devote his chronicle5. Wanting to tell readers about the events noteworthy, Olivier de la Marche it focuses on pro-slavlenii chivalry: describes tournaments witnessed NE-lyalsya, chivalrous exploits on the battlefield. Such a vision of the historian's task is inherent and Monstrele6.
However, being true to its task to glorify knighthood Molina finds and those of its representatives who retain ver-ness of Burgundy home and have a desperate resistance to the conquerors. These "Roland Olivier," he strongly PREVOZI-wear - is the comparison with the characters, famous for his loyalty, it was to capture them in the memory of future generations. Senor Taco, you mentioned above and Bevr de Comte de Chimay or Senor D'Arcy, who led the uprising against the French in Arras 53.
The entry of troops of Louis XI in the territory belonging-Chiyah Burgundy house, and the rapid conquest of the Duchy Burgun-Diya, Picardy, and a number of other lands were regarded it as an aggression by those who remained loyal to the heiress of Charles the Bold, which was clearly reflected in the writings of Burgundy authors, first of all Zhana Moline. Official chronicler and historicized-parameter writing and in numerous poetic make-niyah noted that the organization of resistance to the enemy became, nods with a lot of difficulties, which began the transition to the king many members of the aristocracy or the desire of some members Mary environment go on peregovo Temperature and concessions to Louis XI. At the same time fierce resistance to the French besieged cities or uprising has already captured the cities mentioned in the "Chronicle" and figuratively in prosimetrum "Shipwreck of the Virgin", made Moline and third-soslo Wii to see the true defender of Burgundy house.
1. Jean Froissart Chronicles. 1325-1340 / Ed. MV Anikieva. SPb .: Because in the St. Petersburg University, 2008. V. 1. P. 23.
2.We are talking about the so-called Burgundian chronicler Georges Shatlene school, Zhane Moline, Olivier de La Marche, and others. On it, see. Eg .: Devaux J. L'historiographie bourguignonne, une historiographie aveuglante? // La cour de Bourgogne et l'Europe. Le rayonnement et les limites d'un model culturel / Sous la dir. de W. Para-vicini. Ostfildern: Jan Thorbecke Verlag, 2013. P. 83-96; Aseynov RM Historical culture at the court of the Dukes of Burgundy: the question of "Burgundian school" // court culture in the Renaissance / Ed era. Ed. LM Bragin. M .: DFB SPAN (in press).
3.Chastellain G. Œuvres / Ed. J. Kervyn de Lettenhove. Bruxelles, 1863-1865. Vol. 6. P. 416-417.
4.Molinet J. Chroniques / Ed. G. Doutrepont et O. Jodogne. Bruxelles, 1935-1937. Vol. 2. P. 592.
5.Ibid. P. 589-590.
6.Monstrelet E. de. Chroniques / Ed. J.-A.-C. Buchon. P., 1875. P. 2.
7.See: La Marche O. de. Mémoires / Ed. H. Beaune et J. d'Arbaumont. P., 1883-1888. Vol. 1. P. 61