The treaty of Troyes (1420): from the war external to the war internaland vice

by: Philip D.Souza
University of Kentucki, USA

The subject of study in this article are the main polo zheniya peace agreement concluded May 21, 1420 in Troyes, and department-WIDE aspects of their implementation. Despite the declared aim of putting an end to the age-old Anglo-French conflict, in fact, the contract only marked the beginning of a new phase of the Hundred Years War, Pere within the mutual relations of political forces in France and to change the legal basis for British participation in military operations on the continent. Article discusses the nature of these changes and their impact on the teaching-stie in the war of the kingdom of England, as well as possessions and subjects of the Duke of Burgundy.
Keywords: The Treaty of Troyes (1420), the Hundred Years War, sterskaya Lanka-France, Henry the V, Filipp Dobry, the history of the French XV.

On the eve of one internal strife to the interpretation of the First general chronicle of Spain

by Synthia M. Schelmerdine

University of Texas at Austin, USA



Article attempts to emphasize the importance of taking into account the formal characteristics of the manuscripts in the process of analyzing the content of medieval chronicles. object of analysis - Ch. 1025 "First General Chronicle" contains zhaschey-story about the beginning of strife Castilian nobility, which has become a consequence of accession to the throne of a minor king of Castile and Toledo Enrique I (1214-1217).

KeywordsMedieval chronicles, medieval manuscripts, Castile and Leon, Alfonso X, "History of Spain" Enrique I, feudalism, rebellions nobility, private wars, the Reconquista.




Comparison of cultures and women's problems on the context of methodological and compravistic research

Sadagat Aliyeva, Aghasafar,
PhD, associate professor on Cultural Studies of the University of Azerbaijan State Culture and Art, Honored Art Worker
(Baku c., Azerbaijan)

Comparison of cultures gives productive algorithms to epistemological (scientific knowledge) system. Comparison of culture has opened the framework for identification and differentiation operations and algorithms, thus provides various cognitive thinking (cognitive) opportunities. One of these opportunities was formulated in the period of Plato and Aristotle and is known as "to know what we do not know based on what we know." Identification serves exactly to this fact. We identify the event being not familiar for us in advance with any event being familiar and as a result, we discover the features of the second one in the first one and get specific information about it.
Keywords: comparison, culture, women, research of women.